Lebanon is a middle-eastern country on the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea, with a population of 6 million people and a life expectancy at birth of 80 years (male) and 82 years (female). The civil war that ended in 1990 left only a third of public hospitals operational, but since then a series of reforms by the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) have improved the equity and efficiency of the health system. Out-of-pocket spending dropped from 60% of health expenditure in 2000 to 32% in 2015. The MOPH has facilitated public-private (for- and non-profit) stakeholder collaboration at the local level, and this system has been remarkably resilient, given dwindling resources and the huge influx of refugees, for which a ‘Health Response Strategy: a new approach in 2016 and beyond’ was developed. The Health Strategic Plan 2016-2020 identifies four strategic goals: (1) modernize and strengthen governance, (2) improve collective public health and promotion, (3) progress towards UHC, and (4) develop and maintain emergency preparedness and health security. You can access important country documents by clicking here.