The Republic of Moldova is an Eastern European country with a population of 3.5 million and a life expectancy at birth of 67 years (males) and 75 years (females). Moldova has gone through a difficult path with the economic transition following the fall of the Iron Curtain; initially, the health status of the Moldovan population fell before picking up again due to policies that directly targeted the most disadvantaged. Under the leadership of the Ministry of Health, the introduction of the mandatory health insurance (MHI) in 2004, combined with the re-orientation to primary care from a pre-1990 hospital-centric system, has helped to increase access to crucial health services. Moldova’s Ministry of Health is guided by a National Public Health Strategy 2014-2020, inscribed within the National Health Policy 2007-2021. You can access important country documents by clicking here.